The Nile Perch is a species of freshwater fish in family Latidae of order Perciformes. Nile Perch are the largest freshwater fish accessible to anglers and have been known to reach a weight of almost 400lb(181kg). Adult Nile Perch occupy all habitats of a lake with sufficient oxygen concentrations, while juveniles are restricted to shallow or nearshore environments. A fierce predator that dominates its surroundings, the Nile Perch feeds on fish (including its own species), crustaceans, and insects; the juveniles also feed on zooplankton. Nile Perch use schooling as a mechanism to protect them from other predators.
How To Identify:
Nile Pearch is silver in colour with a blue tinge. It has distinctive dark-black eyes, with a bright-yellow outer ring. One of the largest freshwater fish, it reaches a maximum length of nearly 2 m (more than 6 ft), weighing up to 200 kg (440 lb). Mature fish average 121–137 cm (48–54 in), although many fish are caught before they can grow this large. The state of Queensland in Australia levies heavy fines on anyone found in possession of a living Nile perch, since it competes directly with the native Barramundi, which is similar and grows to 1.8m long while the Nile Perch grows to 2m long.
How To Catch:
Fishing is best in early mornings and late afternoons. Live bait like talapia and tigerfish are good choices for hooking one. They make hard, long, powerful runs after being hooked so you need a heavy rod and a reel with a very smooth drag system. You will need some pretty stout tackle. You will need a 7'6" flipping stick heavy action, a good reel like a Daiwa M-CV-Z300A with 20-30# Trilene Big Game, some Magnum crankbaits with the best split rings and Owner 3/0 trebles will provide good sport for most any size Nile Perch except for the big ones, then you will need some extra heavy striper gear.
It is widespread throughout much of the Afrotropic ecozone, being native to the Congo, Nile, Senegal, Niger, and Lake Chad,Volta, Lake Turkana, and other river basins. It also occurs in the brackish waters of Lake Maryut in Egypt.